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HomeInvestingTalk Your Book: Higher For Longer

Talk Your Book: Higher For Longer


Today’s Talk Your Book is sponsored by F/m Investments:

On today’s show, we spoke with Alex Morris, President and Chief Investment Officer of F/m Investments to discuss the basics of Fixed Income investing.

On today’s show, we discuss:

  • What duration, maturity, and convexity mean to a bond
  • How duration changes over time with the movement of rates
  • Duration of an individual bond vs a bond fund
  • Understanding reinvestment risk
  • The psychology of bond bear markets
  • Why Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities did not perform as expected in 2022
  • The differences between yield to maturity and the 30-day SEC yield

Investment Grade (IG): An investment grade is a rating that signifies a municipal or corporate bond presents a relatively low risk of default. Bond rating firms like Standard & Poor’s (S&P), Moody’s, and Fitch use different designations, consisting of the upper- and lower-case letters “A” and “B,” to identify a bond’s credit quality rating.

Yield to Maturity: Yield to maturity (YTM) is considered a long-term bond yield but is expressed as an annual rate. It is the internal rate of return (IRR) of an investment in a bond if the investor holds the bond until maturity, with all payments made as scheduled and reinvested at the same rate.

30-day SEC Yield: The SEC yield is a standard yield calculation developed by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that allows for fairer comparisons of bond funds. It is based on the most recent 30-day period covered by the fund’s filings with the SEC. The yield figure reflects the dividends and interest earned during the period after the deduction of the fund’s expenses. It is also referred to as the “standardized yield.”

Distribution yield: is the measurement of cash flow paid by an exchange-traded fund (ETF), real estate investment trust, or another type of income-paying vehicle. Rather than calculating the yield based on an aggregate of distributions, the most recent distribution is annualized and divided by the net asset value (NAV) of the security at the time of the payment.

Convexity:  is apparent in the relationship between bond prices and bond yields. Convexity is the curvature in the relationship between bond prices and interest rates. It reflects the rate at which the duration of a bond changes as interest rates change. Duration measures a bond’s sensitivity to changes in interest rates. It represents the expected percentage change in the price of a bond for a 1% change in interest rates.

Basis Point: Basis points (BPS) are used to indicate changes in interest rates of a financial instrument.

Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS): are a type of Treasury security issued by the U.S. government. TIPS are indexed to inflation to protect investors from a decline in the purchasing power of their money.

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